HOW MUCH WATER & CALORIES DO YOU NEED TO SURVIVE?
Late winter blizzards remind us that weather only teases the prospect of more temperate times through spring. In fact, wicked storms can creep well into spring and catch you by surprise. That may mean you have to shelter in your home for an extended period or it may mean you’re caught out in unexpected conditions. Transitioning seasons are times of year when you should be ready for temperature highs and lows. Whichever the scenario, it’s important to know how much food and water you need to survive.
There is no one answer to this question because of all the factors that go into survival. For example, if you are in a hot environment, you may dehydrate more quickly than in more temperate zones, whereas if you are in a cold environment, your body may metabolize more slowly, etc. Also important to consider is your fitness status, your height and weight (body mass) and your age.
Humans have been known to survive for as long as 21 days without either food or water, and as long as two months with water but no food. These are frighteningly long durations of time that no family should have to endure without food and water.
The rule of thumb to maintain a healthy diet is 2,500 calories per day for a man, and 2,000 calories per day for a woman. There are lots of issues with these sums that go back to the many factors already mentioned. Without overcomplicating things, you may need more calories than that, but those are ballpark averages. It’s generally accepted that consuming less than 1,200 calories per day is unhealthy.
To dive deeper into the number of calories you and your adult family members may need, the “Mifflin-St Jeor Equation” is another tool to consider:
MEN: (9.99 x weight) + (6.25 x height) – (4.92 x age) + 5
WOMEN: (9.99 x weight) + (6.25 x height) – (4.92 x age) – 161
Note that in this equation, weight is in kilograms, height is in centimeters and age is in years. This calculation will inform you how many calories your body consumes when it is at rest. (To convert pounds to kilograms, multiply pounds by .45359. To convert inches to centimeters, multiply inches by 2.54.)
When it comes to building your family’s emergency food supply, always check the calorie counts and the source of those calories. Some manufacturers of emergency food kits tend to boost their calorie counts by including empty calories such as sugary drinks. Take the time to read the labels to help ensure a healthy outcome when faced with an emergency situation.
According to the CDC (Center for Disease Control and Prevention), water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH)-related emergency preparedness and outbreak response has become one of the most significant and crucial public health issues in recent history. Having clean and safe water in an emergency situation to meet drinking, sanitation, and hygiene needs is essential for every person.
When building your family’s emergency water supply, experts recommend that you plan for a minimum of 1 gallon of water per day for each person and pet. On a daily basis, that provides each person with 2 quarts for drinking and 2 quarts for cooking and personal hygiene. In survival situations it’s important to remember not to skimp on water; drink when you are thirsty.
Experts also recommend that you store enough water for at least three days. As the 2017 disasters have reminded us, it may take several hours if not days for emergency relief services to arrive at your home. Use the Emergency Water Supply Guide to calculate the minimum* amount of water your family will need for emergency durations up to 30 days.
*NOTE: You’ll want to store more water for hot climates, pregnant or nursing women, and people who are ill.
Macey’s has teamed with Augason Farms to offer emergency food supplies and long term food storage to our valued customers for good reason. They’ve been in the business since 1972 and guarantee their products for great taste and superior quality. Maintaining a supply of Augason Farms products in your home is ideal not only for your emergency food supply but for everyday use as well. With Macey’s and Augason Farms, preparedness is simple and affordable!